Vegetables fresh from the garden are rich in vitamins and simply delicious. But how do I create a kitchen garden and which vegetables are suitable for it? As with many things, careful planning is key. As a first step, you should think about the size of your kitchen garden and how the patches will be divided. If the layout is fixed, it is important to consider which varieties you would like to grow in future and how much space is needed for them. When choosing your vegetables, the plant, vegetation and ripening behaviour are key considerations. The following tricks help make the transition to growing your own vegetables easier. The best part? You will be rewarded with a rich harvest.
Each at its own pace
Generally speaking, a distinction is made between the main slow-growing crops, which should be planted first, and early or late crops with much shorter growth times. Main crops include tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, cucumbers and onions. Spinach, lettuce and radishes are suitable early crops, while lamb's lettuce, cauliflower, kohlrabi and curly kale are good late crops.
Here's to good neighbourliness!
Birds of a feather flock together. But this doesn't necessarily apply to plants. The soil nutrients are used much better when plants with different nutrient requirements are mixed. Make sure to sow plants with medium nutrient requirements and those with low or high nutrient requirements together.
Plants with a low nutrient uptake: Dwarf French beans, lettuce, lamb's lettuce, radish, spinach, onion
Plants with a medium nutrient uptake: Endive, kohlrabi, leek, chard, carrot, pepper, climbing French bean
Plants with a high nutrient uptake: All large cabbage varieties, pumpkin, rhubarb, cucumber, potato, tomato, courgette
Tomatoes and cucumbers
Tomatoes and peas
Lettuce, beans, cabbage and carrots
Carrots, onions and leek
Tomatoes and leeks
Beans, peas and onions
Cucumbers, cabbage, beans and lettuce
Tomatoes, peas, cabbage and spinach
Cabbage and onions
Tomatoes and potatoes
Once your vegetable garden is set up, you will soon be able to harvest the first fruits if you provide proper care. Most vegetable varieties need nothing more than consistent soil moisture, a well-aerated soil and a balanced supply of nutrients to grow healthy and strong. Hoeing, watering and fertilising make up the bulk of regular care. The latter in particular is very important for the healthy development of plants. As growing vegetables draw a lot of nutrients out of the soil, you should provide your plants with a balanced supply of nutrients using fertilisers tailored to the needs of your crops.