Roses are considered to be very demanding plants, but there are a few tricks that make it much easier to care for your beautiful roses. We show you how to prune your roses and what you should keep in mind here.
Why do roses need to be pruned?
Pruning encourages roses to grow and boosts their health. The free space it creates gives the rose more light and air for new shoots. What's more, new flowers are quickly formed after pruning and the roses look more beautiful.
Although there are different pruning techniques for each rose variety, the goal is always the same: getting a light crown structure.
When should roses be pruned?
Roses should be pruned in the spring. First remove diseased and dead shoots or shoots with frost damage. Rose shoots with frost damage can be identified by the brown mark on the inside and feel soft to the touch.
Both flowerbed and hybrid tea roses also need to be pruned in the summer. Prune the rose up to the second strong leaf below the flower.
What should be kept in mind for rose pruning?
As a general rule, you should always trim the rose shoot above a bud that is growing outwards. Position the cut so that you cut towards the bud, leaving about 5 mm above the bud. Depending on the weather, it takes about 4-6 weeks until new flowers sprout again from the remaining buds.
You should also remove the wild shoots of the rose. You can identify wild shoots by their light green colour and often plentiful thorns. They grow from the wood below the graft union. Remove the wild shoots so that the rose itself does not die off due to being deprived of its important nutrients. Expose the wild shoots and cut them as closely as possible to the point of attachment.
Not all roses are alike
First remove the dead, diseased and weak shoots. Prune the remaining shoots back to 4-7 buds. Leave the strong shoots a little longer. Weaker shoots are pruned back more to stimulate growth. Cut off all branches more than four years old at the base. This keeps the rose young and healthy.
Hybrid tea roses are generally pruned in the same way as the flowerbed rose. But the hybrid tea rose is pruned back more to about 3-5 buds.
The unique feature of shrub roses is that they don't need to be regularly pruned. Only remove dead shoots and ones that cross over each other. Old shoots are cut off directly above the ground. To stimulate new flower growth, the wilted flower heads are removed from shrub roses that flower several times. This is not necessary for shrub roses that flower once.
A distinction is made between climbing rose varieties that flower once and those that flower twice. Remove the dead, diseased and frozen shoots from climbing roses that flower once and create enough room for them to grow if shoots are too close together. Cut off shoots of more than five years old at the base. Make sure to prune cautiously.
You should use sharp secateurs to prevent cut surfaces from fraying. Cut the shoots diagonally, this allows water to run off and prevents anything from sticking to the wound. Prune the rose at a bud that is pointing outwards